This inquiry leads students through an investigation of The Dust Bowl. By investigating the compelling question “Was the Dust Bowl a Perfect Storm?” students gain understanding through reading a variety of texts and analyzing photographs to determine the major causes of the Dust Bowl. By examining the dust bowl through multiple social studies lenses, students realize how each of the social studies lenses has an impact on the others. They analyze the history and personal stories of the Dust Bowl to determine who or what was responsible for this historic event. The formative performance tasks build on knowledge and skills through the course of the inquiry and help students determine who or what was responsible for this historic event. Students create an evidence-based argument about contributing factors and whether or not the Dust Bowl was a perfect storm.